Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 304-308

Arterial versus venous blood samples for monitoring of activated clotting time during open heart surgery and its correlation with postoperative bleeding and reopening

Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed M Abd El-Hamid
Assistant Professor of Anesthesia and ICU, Benha University, 20 Ezz Eldin Omar St., ElHaram Giza
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-7934.139552

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Objective The aim of this study was to compare between arterial and venous sampling for activated clotting time (ACT) monitoring during cardiac surgery, and to record incidence of postoperative bleeding and reopening in both the situations. Patients and methods This prospective, comparative, double-blind study was conducted on 100 patients with heart disease undergoing open heart surgery, using systemic heparinization, cardiopulmonary bypass, and protamine reversal. Patients were randomly allocated into two equal groups. In group I, arterial ACT was used as a guide for heparinization and heparin reversal. In group II, venous ACT was used as a guide for heparinization and heparin reversal. Each patient in both groups had simultaneous arterial and venous ACT carried out at the following time points: baseline, after heparinization, 10 min after heparinization, and after protamine administration. All patients were monitored for the amount of bleeding from the chest tube during the first 3 h postoperatively and the incidence of reopening after surgery for the first 24 h postoperatively. Results Baseline venous ACT was significantly higher than arterial ACT, whereas after heparinization and after blood collection, venous ACT became significantly lower. After administration of protamine, venous ACT was nonsignificantly lower than arterial ACT. Blood loss was significantly increased in the venous group than in the arterial group. With regard to the incidence of reopening, there was an increase in the rate of reopening in the venous group than in the arterial group. Conclusion There is great individual variability between the venous and arterial ACT measures. The use of arterial samples for ACT measurement had lesser rates of postoperative bleeding and reopening.

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