ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 356-361

Neostigmine/rocuronium versus TIVA for tracheal stenting and dilatation


Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care, and Pain Management, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
John N Bestarous
Square 1224, Building 2, Apartment 102, Flat 1, Sheraton Heliopolis Buildings, Postal code 11351
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1687-7934.139566

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Background Usage of airway stents in cases with tracheobronchial stenoses or obstruction has evolved rapidly. General anaesthesia has become less hazardous, particularly with recent developments in total intravenous anaesthetic agents and nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs. This study aimed at comparing the effectiveness of neostigmine/rocuronium technique to TIVA technique for tracheal stenting and dilatation. Patients and methods This prospective study was carried out on 80 patients scheduled for tracheal dilatation and stenting. Cases were randomly categorized into two equal groups. Group I (TIVA) received fentanyl and propofol with bilateral superior laryngeal nerve block. Group II (muscle relaxant) received rocuronium and sevoflurane 2% in 100% O 2 . Heart rate, mean arterial pressure and oxygen saturation were assessed, and PaCO 2 readings were taken through arterial blood gases at regular intervals intraoperatively. Recovery profile, perioperative complications and patient and doctor satisfaction were recorded in both groups. Results Both techniques offered haemodynamic stability. PaCO 2 readings were significantly higher (P < 0.001) in group II. Earlier recovery was recorded in group I (P < 0.001). Incidence of complications was generally higher in group II (P > 0.05), except hypotension (higher in group I; P < 0.05). Patient and doctor satisfaction were comparable (P > 0.05). Conclusion Both the TIVA and neostigmine/rocuronium techniques were used successfully. The TIVA technique had the advantages of earlier recovery, less hypercapnia, desaturation, distal total obstruction and stridor on recovery, whereas the muscle relaxant technique offered less hypotension and hemoptysis. Thus, we strongly recommend the TIVA technique for such operations.


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