Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 500-503

Profile of patients admitted to pediatric intensive care unit, Cairo University Hospital: 1-year study

The Pediatric Department, Kasr El Aini Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University Mounira Children Hospital (Abou EL Reesh), Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Hanaa I Rady
Assistant Professor, 5, Gameat El Doual El Arabia street, Mohandessin, Cairo 12411
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-7934.145680

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Introduction Care of the critically ill patients is resource-intensive, and 15-20% of hospital budgets are spent in the ICUs. Objectives This study aimed to analyze the epidemiologic patterns of pediatric critically ill patients presenting to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and the etiologies of PICU admission of different age groups. Materials and methods This descriptive study of all children aged less than 14 years presenting with critical illnesses to the PICU was conducted in a tertiary medical Hospital, in Cairo, from 2011 to 2012. All patients transferred to the PICU were included without distinction. Demographic data of critically ill children admitted to the PICU were analyzed. Etiologies of the PICU admissions were analyzed by various age groups. Results There were 532 critically ill children admitted to the PICU. Respiratory system diseases, foreign body inhalation removal, and encephalopathy were the predominant etiologies of admission 49.6, 11.9, and 11.5%, respectively. Mortality rate was the highest in infants below 1 year of age (43.9%). Predominant length of ICU stay was around 7 days. Conclusion The present study shows the etiologies of pediatric patients admitted to ICUs. The epidemiologic analysis of patients admitted to PICU can serve as basis for developing dedicated protocols for critical care and redistributing the ICUs' resources.

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