CASE REPORT
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 276-278

Central cord syndrome


1 Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care, and Pain Management, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
3 Department of Orthopedic and Spine Specialist, Nasr City Insurance Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed Saleh
Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care, and Pain Management, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Abbasia, Cairo 11566
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1687-7934.156721

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Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) are classified as complete or incomplete injuries. Central cord syndrome (CCS) is the most common type of incomplete SCI. The syndrome mostly occurs in older individuals with underlying cervical spondylosis caused by a hyperextension injury. The neurological impairment is characterized by a disproportionate weakness of the upper extremities more than the lower extremities and may also include bladder dysfunction and varying degrees of sensory loss. The natural history of the syndrome varies, with some patients experiencing complete spontaneous recovery and others having persistent neurological deficits. The role of surgical intervention remains controversial. We present a case of an elderly patient with cervical spondylosis who underwent thoracolumbar spine fixation and was complicated by CCS mostly due to hyperextension injury during surgery.


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