Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 377-381

Epidural fentanyl for the prevention of autonomic dysreflexia in chronic spinal cord injury patients undergoing urological procedures

1 Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Ain Shams University, Nasr City, Egypt
2 Department of Urosurgery, Ain Shams University, Nasr City, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dalia A Nasr
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Ain Shams University, 6 Tawfikia Buildings, 8th District, Nasr City 113311
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-7934.161711

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Background Spinal cord injury (SCI) patients with lesions above T6 are susceptible to develop autonomic dysreflexia (AD) during surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of epidural fentanyl for the prevention of AD in chronic SCI patients undergoing urological procedures. Patients and methods Thirty chronic SCI patients scheduled for cystoscopy were randomized to receive epidural anesthesia using 5 ml bupivacaine 0.25% with fentanyl 50 µg in 10 ml saline (group F) or 5 ml bupivacaine 0.25% in 10 ml saline (group C). Results There was a significant decrease in the blood pressure and the heart rate 20 min after epidural anesthesia in both groups, with significantly lower systolic and diastolic blood pressures in group F compared with group C; however, the systolic and diastolic blood pressure showed a significant increase, with a decrease in the heart rate, in group C compared with group F during bladder manipulation (25 min). Six patients in group C showed manifestations of autonomic dysreflexia, with an increase in the systolic blood pressure more than 160 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure more than 100 mmHg in three of them. Conclusion The addition of fentanyl to epidural bupivacaine succeeded in preventing AD manifestations in chronic SCI patients undergoing cystoscopy.

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